Before adding any kind of content please read this Good Practices

If the Discusison Talk page is not created, please create it

Jazz Piano

From Musidge
Jump to: navigation, search

Intervals and Triads

Intervals within one octave

An interval is the distance between two notes. In the following figure you can see all the intervals within one octave. Play and sing all of them.

X: 1
T: Intervals
N: Material Created by Alex Serrano
L: 1/8
K: C
"minor 2nd / half step" [C8_D] |"major 2nd / whole step" [C8D] |"minor 3rd" [C8_E] | "major 3rd"[C8E]|
"perfect 4th"[C8F] | "tritone / aug 4th / dim 5th"[C8^F] [C8_G] | "perfect 5th"[C8G] | "minor 6th / aug 5th"[C8_A][C8^G]|
"major 6th "[C8A] | "minor 7th / aug 6th"[C8_B] [C8^A]| "major 7th"[C8B]|"octave"[C8c]||

Inversion of intervals

To invert an interval just take the bottom note and put it to the top. Inversion follows the following rule:

  • major becomes minor
  • minor becomes major
  • augmented becomes diminished
  • diminished becomes augmented
  • perfect remains perfect

Also check out that the original and the inverted interval should always add up to 9:

  • a unison becomes an octave
  • a 2nd becomes a 7th and vice versa
  • a 3rd becomes a 6th and vice versa
  • a 4th becomes a 5th and vice versa
X: 1
T: Intervals
N: Material Created by Alex Serrano
L: 1/8
K: C
V:1 
%%MIDI program 65
V:2 
%%MIDI program 65
[V:1]"minor 2nd / half step" [C8_D] |"major 2nd / whole step" [C8D] |"minor 3rd" [C8_E] | "major 3rd"[C8E]|
[V:2]"major 7th" [_D8c] |"minor 7th" [D8c] |"major 6th" [_E8c] | "minor 6th "[E8c]|
%
[V:1]"perfect 4th"[C8F] | "tritone / aug 4th / dim 5th"[C8^F] [C8_G] | "perfect 5th"[C8G] | "minor 6th / aug 5th"[C8_A][C8^G]|
[V:2]"perfect 5th"[F8c] | "tritone / dim 5th / aug 4th"[^F8c] [_G8c] | "perfect 4th"[G8c] | "major 3rd / dim 4th"[_A8c][^G8c]|
%
[V:1]"major 6th "[C8A] | "minor 7th"[C8_B] | "major 7th"[C8B]|"octave"[C8c]||
[V:2]"minor 3rd "[A8c] | "major 2nd"[_B8c] | "minor 2th"[B8c]|"octave"[C8c]||

Triads

A triad is a set of three notes that can be stacked by thirds. There are four types of triads

  • Major Triad --> major third with a minor third on top
  • Minor Triad --> minor third with a major third on top
  • Augmented Triad --> two major thirds
  • Diminished Triad --> two minor thirds
X: 1
T: Triads
N: Material Created by Alex Serrano
L: 1/8
K: C
"C major triad"[C8EG]  | " C minor triad"[C8_EG]  | "C diminished triad" [C8_E_G]  | "C augmented triad"[C8E^G] ||
X: 1
T: Triad inversion
N: Material Created by Alex Serrano
L: 1/8
K: C
"root position"[C8EG]  | "first inversion"[E8Gc]  | "second inversion" [G8ce]|

The Major Mode and II-V-I

Modern Voicings

Kenny Barron Voicing

This voicing is an open-sounding minor 11th voicing. The voicing gets its name from the acclaimed jazz pianist Kenny Barron. It is made up by stacking perfect 5ths in each hand as follows:

  • Left Hand --> 1-5-9
  • Right Hand --> b3-b7-11
X:1
T:Kenny Barron Voicing
M:4/4
L:1/8
K:C	
V:1 
V:2 clef=bass
%
[V:1]  "Cm11"[_E8 _B f]           | 
[V:2]  [C,8 G, D]       |

Three-Note Voicings

Sus and Phrigian Chords

Adding Notes to Three-Note Voicings

Tritone Substitution

Left-Hand Voicings

Altering Notes in Left-Hand Voicings

Scale Theory

Putting Scales To Work

Practicing Scales

So What Chords

Fourth Chords

Upper Structures

Pentatonic Scales

Stride and Bud Powell Voicings

Four-Note Scales

Block Chords

Salsa and Latin Jazz

Comping

Loose Ends